Pregnancy Symptoms and Additional Information


Are you pregnant? Below you will find some answers to basic questions about pregnancy and information about pregnancy symptoms. If you think you might be pregnant and don’t know what to do, make an appointment at Avail today for a free pregnancy test. Same-day appointments are available.

Pregnancy Symptoms

  • How does pregnancy happen?

    Pregnancy happens as a result of sexual intercourse. When a man ejaculates, semen (the fluid containing sperm) is released. Semen swim up through a woman’s cervix and into her fallopian tubes. If she is ovulating or about to ovulate (the part of the menstrual cycle in which a woman’s body releases an egg into her fallopian tubes), the sperm may fertilize the egg. This is called conception. Once the egg is fertilized, it travels down the fallopian tubes and implants itself into the uterine wall. This is when pregnancy begins.
  • If I missed my period, am I definitely pregnant?

    No. Women miss periods for many different reasons, including stress, weight loss or gain, intense exercise, illness, travel, and drug use. If you have missed a period and think it is possible you could be unexpectedly pregnant, make an appointment at Avail for a free pregnancy test. If you have missed a period and are not pregnant, talk with your doctor about your menstrual cycle.
  • How can I prevent pregnancy?

    Avail provides clients with abstinence information. For information about other pregnancy prevention methods, talk to your doctor.
  • What basic information should I know about pregnancy?

    Pregnancy is the process of a fetus developing in a woman’s uterus. Pregnancy lasts from 35 to 40 weeks, from conception to birth (or 38 to 43 weeks from the last day of your last menstrual cycle to birth).

    Pregnancy is measured in trimesters. The first trimester starts with the first day of your last period and lasts thirteen weeks. The second trimester starts with the 14th week of pregnancy and lasts through the 27th week, and the third trimester starts at the beginning of the 28th week and ends with labor.

For more information about pregnancy, check out the following resources:

Note: Avail NYC is a decision-making center, not a medical facility.

How Can You Tell If You’re Pregnant?

How can you tell you’re pregnant? It’s a question that may keep circling around your mind, especially if you aren’t expecting, or wanting, to get pregnant. At Avail NYC, we understand and want to make sure you have all the information you need.

A missed period is the most obvious symptom, but there are a number of other symptoms that can also point to pregnancy, as long as you know what to look for.

In the end, though, there is only one way to be absolutely certain of pregnancy and that is a pregnancy test followed up by an ultrasound.

Common Pregnancy Symptoms

  • A missed period, of course, is the main symptom of pregnancy if it’s a week or more late. If you have an irregular cycle, however, a late period does not necessarily indicate pregnancy.
  • Fatigue. The hormone level of progesterone increases rapidly in early pregnancy and can be the source of that tired feeling.
  • Nausea, also called morning sickness, can vary widely. Some women never experience it, while others can’t seem to stop vomiting. Most women, though, land somewhere in the middle. The nickname is a bit misleading as this can occur any time of day or night.
  • Tender, swollen breasts often catch your attention because they are uncomfortable. If you are one of those women who experiences this symptom each month when you get your period, it may not be an obvious sign of pregnancy. This usually does not last more than a few weeks.
  • Urinating more frequently. According to Mayo Clinic, “You might find yourself urinating more often than usual. The amount of blood in your body increases during pregnancy, causing your kidneys to process extra fluid that ends up in your bladder.”
  • Moodiness may be part of your period symptoms, but it can also strike when pregnant. You may find yourself more emotional and irritable than usual, or possibly having mood swings as well.
  • Food aversions or cravings can also be caused by hormonal changes. You may become temporarily more sensitive to certain foods, or their odor. For instance, you may decide you can’t stand the smell of microwave popcorn, something you have always loved. On the other hand, you might find yourself craving one type of food or food combination very strongly.
  • Bloating can be chalked up to hormones as well. You may feel bloated, similar to when getting your period.
  • Cramping can also occur early on, leading you to think your period is coming.
  • Light spotting is another symptom that can be misleading. “Known as implantation bleeding, it happens when the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus, about 10 to 14 days after conception,” Mayo Clinic notes. “Implantation bleeding occurs around the time of a menstrual period. However, not all women have it.” If you have any concern whatsoever about spotting, or bleeding becomes any heavier, contact your doctor immediately.
  • Constipation can also be a hormone side effect, where the digestive system slows down.
  • Nasal congestion can be another pesky symptom thanks to hormones and an increase in blood production.

Find Out For Sure

The one way to find out for sure if you are pregnant is a pregnancy test. Make an appointment to come into Avail NYC, where we can give you a free, self-administered, lab-quality urine test. If it comes back positive, we can refer you for a free ultrasound that will tell you if the pregnancy is viable, and how far along you are.

Our caring, compassionate advocates are here to empower you and help you get the information you need so you can make a thoughtful decision about an unexpected pregnancy.

Avail NYC exists to be a safe haven for women and men facing an unexpected pregnancy or seeking support after an abortion. We are not a medical provider